Depression is the most common mental disorder in pregnancy. An important risk factor in the development of prenatal depression is lifetime history of abuse. The current review quantitatively synthesized research on the association between history of abuse and prenatal depressive symptoms using a meta-analytic technique. A total of 3322 articles were identified through electronic searches of the following databases: PsycINFO, PubMed, CINAHL, and EMBASE Cochrane Collaboration databases between the years of 1980 and 2016. All were independently screened against the following inclusion criteria: articles reporting on original data that included measures of prenatal depression and abuse. Data were extracted by the first and second authors. Descriptive analyses were conducted using Excel version 15.32, and all analyses involving effect sizes were conducted using comprehensive meta-analysis (CMA) version 3.0. Seventy articles met the inclusion criteria and were included in the meta-analyses. Meta-bias detected no publication bias. Abuse had a significant positive relation with prenatal depressive symptoms, with effect sizes in the moderate range for any abuse ([Formula: see text] = 0.287), physical abuse ([Formula: see text] = 0.271), sexual abuse ([Formula: see text] = 0.259), and emotional abuse ([Formula: see text] = 0.340; Cohen 1969. Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. Academic Press, New York). The meta-analyses found a robust relation between abuse and prenatal depressive symptoms holding across a variety of demographic and study design characteristics. These results reinforce the established association between trauma victimization and subsequent psychopathology, extending current knowledge to specifically address the under-studied area of prenatal depression. These findings highlight the need for women who have survived child or adulthood abuse to receive appropriate referral and psychological treatment to mitigate their risk for prenatal depression.
Freinds,let me clear my problem.I make the final Profit & Loss a/c AND Balnce sheet form our Accounting software. But this igives full figure ie actual full figure. for reporting purpose, the data related to P&L a/c and B?S are imported to excel. as the figures are big, the same are converted into millions.These are then published in newspapers stc. here the problem arises-If figures are published as 12.97 & 2.35 and the total shows 15.31 it will look absurd. Newspaper readers wont know the fact that the diff. is due to excel rounding of actual numbers. It would then become ridiculous. thats why i want to automate the excel procedure to sum upto two digits so that the displayed total should match the displayed figs.here i have used two figs for eg purpose only. actually it runs to may more lists, schedules,linkings,etc.
Hi Sean,Try to add a volatile function to the Evaluate function, like =YourFormula+Now()*0The NOW function is volatile, will be recalculated at each excel recalculation.Cheers,Catalin
Hi Joe,Use a simple trick: use a volatile function to force a recalculation every time excel recalculates, without changing the result of your calculations: =EVALUATE($A1) +NOW()*0NOW()*0 will always be zero, so it will not affect your result, but this function is volatile, so it will be recalculated every time a cell changes.Cheers,Catalin
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It worked!!!! in my experience, I opened word, excel and power point.. I was able to do the update from word, and basically the update window showed that all the microsoft applications required upgrade.. in the first attempt and chose all of them (like 3gbs) and it didnt work.. so i started over but in the second opportunity I only chose Outlook (like 900mb) and it worked smoothly!!!